The modern onion farming tools are:-. The botanical name for onions is Allium cepa, they are an indispensable spice in a variety of meals. Onions should be planted in a shiny place. The onion bulbs, reach maturity when the plants cease to produce new leaves and roots. » The term “dry onion” is used to distinguish them from green onions which are pulled while ops are still green and usually before a large bulb has formed. For sowing seeds, place the seeds straight on the soil surface. However, later-maturing varieties can be left in the ground for a further week or more, depending on the variety. Both of those have huge demand in the market. These techniques help maintain the ideal moisture level in soil. You made some good points there. A proper management of watering & fertilization gives you double production. Mulching can help reduce the weeds and at the same time maintain the soil moisture level. So you should sow or transplant onion at the beginning of the winter season. Investment required for growing onions on a commercial scale is very less and plant care of onions are also very minimal. im so happy that whenever i need guidance on how to plant onions,you will always be there for me. l like the way you break it down for lay farmer. A few things to know about onion farming in Kenya would include price, market availability and variety to plant. The general spacing between onions 4 to 6 inches apart in the row, and the row should be rows 1 to 2 feet apart. Place them in mesh bags to allow airflow. Farming onion plants requires lot of water as they initially grow. Thick-neck bulbs which result due to premature harvesting do not store well. After, cut the tips to approximately 4 inches and put them about 1/2 inch below the surface. This is the brief guideline to start your onion farm easily and all the thing you have to know before and after setting up a farm to grow onions. Growing onions is very easy and profitable. Onion farming in Kenya can be done in greenhouses and open gardens. Because of the shallow root system, onions require frequent furrow irrigation. The closer to harvest time the more water will require for onion. Bulbs are harvested by hand pulling if the soil is light; they are also harvested by hand implements. According to Don’t Lose the Plot (DLTP) a television program produced by The Mediae Company whose other productions include Shamba Shape Up , onion farming can give you an income of of Ksh 354,000 per acre (This after deducting your expenses). If need more assistence plesase let us know. The main difficulty of starting from seeds is, it will take up to 4 months to mature your crop. time farming operations. Onion farming is troublesome, but you can make it easier. He loves to write about modern technology-based growing. In hydroponic systems, crops are grown with the roots directly in a mineral solution or with the roots in an inert medium like gravel or perlite. When the necks start falling over and the onions mature, watering should be discontinued and the soil allowed to dry. I looked on the net for more information about the issue and found Onion Cultivation. Your Name. An organic buffer line of 30-50 cm can be introduced after several rows to ensure healthy crops. If the onion does not get enough water it will not make a large bulb. Marketing is very easy, where you can supply to local wholesale stores or retail stores or even you can sell in government market yards. The next step will be caring. To overcome the excessive damage, scatter-plant onions throughout the field. You can search for "Annual demand of [onion/ garlic] in [your country name]". Seedbed soil needs to have a fine texture Seeds should be sown in rows to ensure enough ventilation and facilitate weed control. Mulching can help reduce the weeds and at the same time maintain the soil moisture level. Water just after transplanting. We are trying to describe the onion growing procedure step by step. But they have a reputation for being hard to grow. Onions can be cultivated in a wide range of soils from sandy loam to clay loam with good drainage facilities. × Information. Choosing a sunny area where your onion plants are won't be shaded is beneficial for your plants. The upside to onion farming is that it’s relatively clear-cut when compared to other types of crops. It requires frequent treatments of fertilizer. TIPS ON ONION FARMING. They are the simplest to plant, the shortest time to harvest, and the limited complication of the disease. Covering a studious mulch, such as aluminum flake, among rows may be the efficient way to deflect the thrips. This types can grow in any season and requires 12-14 hour of sunlight. The best varieties are Alisa crag, White sweet Spanish, Copra, Walla Walla Sweet, Paterson, Yellow Sweet Spanish etc. Onions are mostly grown in any soil but the soil should be loose, well-drained, and should have plenty of nitrogen. Characteristics of White Onions. Use 4- x 6-inch containers and filled with a seed starting mix mostly compost [60-80%] near to the top. Unfortunately, onion does not grow well in places with heavy snow or heavy rainfall. Onion Farming Business Plan is a lucrative business that needs a lot of strategic Planning to start and a business coach like Dayo Adetiloye to help you start the Implementation. The ideal temperature for onion farming is in between 13-25°C (55-75°F) for Asia and between 8°C - 30°C (46°F-86°F.) Now, determine the soil condition measure the pH and other soil nutrients. Tips for Onion Farming in Kenya (1) Plant during short rains season Onions don’t perform well in waterlogged soil. You have to choose varieties depending on the season. Glad I have gone through some of the information relating to onion farming. Onion Farming Business Plan in Nigeria. 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But a good care can ensure better production which requires better knowledge about the crop demands. The other factors which can affect the production along with soil are:-, All of those tools are not required for every farmers or farm. In the full sunny day (onions dry out faster ), one-inch water for each plant par week. Also Read: Sweet Potato Farming Information Guide. ICS offers solutions that generate profits for investors in agriculture through efficient farming technologies and service (machinery and genetics). Investment required for growing onions on a commercial scale is very less and plant care of onions are also very minimal. The Climate/weather and temperature, soil condition, choosing a place of onion cultivation. Time of harvesting depends on several factors tike planting season, cultivar, market price and condition of the crop. Onion Farming, Planting, Care, Harvesting – A Full Guide, Crop rotation is very important in onion farming process. The topdressing must be completed before bulb development. Onion Harvesting machines: Topping windrowing, loading, grading, storing. How to Grow Onions. Plow the land to get fine tilth and incorporate FYM 20 tonnes/ha or 10 tons FYM and 5 tons poultry manure or vermicompost at the time of the last plowing. Poplar Tree Plantation; Spacing; Harvesting; Yield; Profits. Varieties: Georgia Sweet, Sweet Red,  Granex, Red Creole, Red Burgandy,  White Bermuda, Vidalia, and Southern Belle, Texas Super Sweet, Texas Sweet White etc. Onions are a popular vegetable with the home gardener because they have a wide variety of uses, are easy to grow, and require very little space. If you are transplanting, trim the tops to about 4 inches. But they have a reputation for being hard to grow. The seed starting mix moist need to keep a warm and moist place. The soil will be overly dry around an under-watered crop and may become cracked. What is kh?? Onion farming can be done over a wide variety of soil including sandy loam soils to clayed loam soils with the facility of good drainage. No matter if you don't have those types as a soil. Exhibits strong taste. Cultivating vegetables and herbs is easy as well as demanding. The ideal warmth to grow seedling from maximum seeds is around 68-72 degrees F. Sow the seed in two rows, about a 1/4- to 1/2-inch deep. In supplement of fertilizer, onions require moist, weed-free soil with a pH level between 5.5 and 6.68 which we talk earlier. Onion for storage should be fully developed. Plant the seedlings in mid to late spring. There are many countries in the world producing onion. Kharif crop, since the growth continues forced toppling should be taken up to stop growth 15 days before harvesting. Sometimes you can just depend on rainwater but make sure that the plants absorb the right amount every 5-7 days. It is locally consumed and available from roadside sellers to supermarkets. Onion farming is a worthy venture since it’s possible to grow onions throughout the year via irrigation. Suitable for winter seasons. Onions are in high demand in Nigeria and the price soars during dry season. i have one hectare land and want to try new cultivation which could yeild good profits in lesser time compared to paddy which takes more time and less profit, so i am planning to cultivate onion. It requires 14-16 hour of sunlight. Thanks. But luckily, there are three methods of planting onion you may apply transplants, sets, or seeds. He spends the majority of his time on his hanging pot garden and Backyard. Every one generally expects a disease-and insect-free crop. They are subject to diseases. If you harvest young onion just pull them up few weeks after plantation if you want them to use as "spring onion" or "scallions" as there is no ideal measurement, just pull them up when they are big enough to suit you. A less popular alternative to direct seeding is planting sets. Seeds are sown on raised beds of 1.2 m width and 3-4 m length. Onions are playing a vital role in a great number of recipes. Before planning for onion farming you should consider the following factors which will be beneficial for greater production. Water them properly, put shade if necessary. Onion along with tops are kept in the field for 2-3 days, curing for 3-4 days is necessary to remove excess moisture from outer skin and neck to reduce shrinkage and development of color in storage. You can’t miss this: Poultry Farming in Kenya – 2020 Update. Irrigation is necessary at the time of transplanting/dibbling of cloves and light irrigation should be done on the third day after planting and subsequent irrigation will be done at   7-10 days interval depending upon the soil condition and season. Decided to come back to farming, agriculture sector as a Farmer and Writer. The early you can discover that problem, you can spray bulbs with Beauveria bassiana or spinosad to combat thrips. Introduction of Onion Farming:- The onion also known as the bulb onion or common onion is the most widely cultivated and consumed vegetables across the globe.The onion belongs to the family of “Amaryllidaceae” and genus of “Allium”. As these areas the farmers are not open to other cultivation other than paddy so i always get negative feedback as to its not possible to cultivate any other crop or so. There are a lot of varieties of onion. Guggul Cultivation, Planting, Care, and Harvesting. Affiliate Disclaimer: As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. As onion is a very sensitive plant. Onion farming is known to be a profitable business and over the years, it has evolved from small scale to a global industry in most countries where it is carried out. This sample Onion Farming Business Plan in Nigeria can be used for Grant Applications, Bank Loans, Proposal writing, Business Concept Note, Competitions etc. How to start a profitable onion farming project; by Caroline Wayua. It requires some extra days to mature. Click here for important tips on onion farming and techniques in India. Some are incredibly big (nearly .5kg)  and some are small( 50 gram). This is because a farmer has to calculate the input costs and So be careful in this stages. Also, keep an eye on the watering process. Onions should be harvested at 50% neck fall stage. However, as the plants mature, thy do not need much of water. They usually frame good quality bulbs within a short period of time (60 days or less). Seed must be planted in the row,4 to 6 inches apart. Hi Through drip, fertigation should be done by using nitrogen fertilizers (Urea). Onions generally require 30″ of irrigation during a growing season and the closer to harvest, the greater the need for water. In the middle of the summer during warm, humid weather downy mildew, a purplish mold, shows up. I’d like to ask about the quantity of yield mentioned above is it the total amount of the whole season Since every crop is depending on the cultivation season. Onion is one of the most favorite vegetables for most of the people all over the world. Each onions need about 1 inch of water per week. When the onion tops turn in to yellow it means it is matured enough to harvest. Jagdish Reddy. Mr. Reddy was born in farmer's family and was into 'IT' profession where he was not happy with his activities. Onions can be harvested while still young; there is a perennial type of onion which is rarely attacked by insects or diseases. You should consider the area of onion farming before you planted onion. The transplanting of the seedlings occurs in between mid to late spring. Farming onion plants requires lot of water as they initially grow. Starting with how to and when to. Based on the sunlight availability we can divide them into three main categories. The ideal range of soil pH for growing best onion is in between 5.5 and 6.5. because I’ve been told that onion regrow again in days after harvest and in the same season their are several time of harvest , is that true ? That’s all folks about the ing of onions and the cultivation practices. Onion is famous for its pungency. We will try to guide you how efficiently and effectively you can begin the onion farming. However, as the plants mature, thy do not need much of water. To store onions select a cool, dry, well-ventilated location, such as a garage or cellar. The most commonly used onion is the bulb onion. Most sandy loam, loamy sand or sandy soils are also advantageous to sweet onion pro- duction. The best performance can be obtained in mild weather without the extremes of cold, heat and excess rainfall. Good day, I am very interested in developing or planting onions in a profitable way,, s can you mantor me to make it work. Onion also farms with different crops like ginger, tomato. Generally, Red, yellow and white are the three groups of onion widely cultivated across the world. This higher yield can often make up for the lower price received later in the season. Let's Start! They are one of the most used herbs. Scientifically you can improve your soil by using organic materials. In general, when about 50% neck fall is seen crop is harvested. With the right knowledge and skills, your investment will pay off. sir, Onions provide a vital flavour in our daily meals. And how much sunlight you can get in that period of time. One can make a lot of money growing onions commercially. By using drip and sprinklers, irrigation should be done once in three days. They will need 1-inch water/ week. A disorder called smut makes swelling up or hardening of leaves just about the neck, which ultimately blasts and drops dusty black spots over the plant. Your email address will not be published. ONION SEED PRODUCTION TECHNIQUES A Manual for Extension Agents and Seed Producers ... onion varieties like Bombay red, Adama red, etc. It is adapted to a temperature range of 13-24° C for the vegetative stage and 16-21° C for the bulbing stage, 30-35° C at maturity and harvest. Soil test with accredited laboratories is advised. India is the second largest producer of onion followed by China in the world and the major exporter across the globe. Read the instruction manual provided with seeds. It will discourage the adult flies from setting their eggs at the roots of the plants if you put a thin layer of sand around onion bulbs. Though you can try to grow ginger indoor or when the temperature is in between 13-25°C. Roughly 15 years back, business cultivators tried different things with using sets and observed direct seeding to be more successful. We will try to guide you how efficiently and effectively you can begin the onion farming. Follow harvesting of onion bulbs at the right stage of maturity. Additionally, Farmingmethod.com participates in various other affiliate programs, and we sometimes get a commission through purchases made through our links. Agriculture Vastu Information Guide. Onion is one of the most important commercial vegetable crops grown in Asia. Avoid overhead irrigation, which causes foliage diseases. Now they are ready to eat. Before you start. Late harvesting leads to increased respiration, subsequent susceptibility to diseases and excessive sprouting during prolonged storage and left in field sunburn is also noticed. Water the transplants immediately after planting. These innovative farming techniques involve the growing of plants without soil, nourishing the plants through specialized nutrients that are added to water. Sometimes you can just depend on rainwater but make sure that the plants absorb the right amount every 5-7 days. Onions are more sensorial to insects, weeds, and diseases than other vegetable crops. This should occur nearly 4 weeks earlier to harvest. Do you want to start onion farming? A hectare of red creole onions would ideally produce 17 tons. Otherwise outdoor. So, today, we learn the top onion farming techniques, tips, and ideas. Before you planting onion you should learn about the best soil condition and other relevant factors which affect onion farming. For onion nursery and direct seeded crop, application of Pendimethalin @3ml/liter just after sowing is found best in controlling weeds without affecting the germination, seedling growth, and final stand. How should the spacing of red creole variety on onion seedlings be in the seed bed? Small Farm Animals List: What to Rise in Your Farm? Fertilizing the plant and control pests disease is sometimes a challenge for onions cultivator. To get best results, the first application of fertilizer should be about three weeks after planting and then continue with applying every 2 to 3 weeks. The operating pressure for a drip system is 1.5kg/cm2 and for the rotary micro sprinkler is 2.5kg/cm2. Organic Onion Growing:There are lots of different onion varieties that can be grown using organic methods. Transplants, which are seedlings begun in the current maturing season and sold in groups, are available in nurseries or other marketplaces. How Onions … Posted by: TellZim News Posted date: Sunday, March 03, 2019 / comment : 0. by Vengai Defu Onion is one of the crops which is not so complicated to produce, therefore most people thrive to have a small bed in the backyard. For the seeds, you have mentioned jou need 7-9 kh / ha. There is a demand for Onions worldwide for local and export use. The cultivation process of onion is more or less same for all types of onion. Onions are playing a vital role in a great number of recipes. Now the question is which one you should for your onion farm. Being dehydrated, it has a long shelf life and is available in several varieties: yellow, red, and white. Larger Medium seed/ grains require being sown on the outside. I am highly interested in this farming. Or contact nearest govt. I want to buy sprie onion. Let's Start!! In this segment of Annadata, farmers get to learn about modern techniques of onion cultivation. I have a plan to start onion farming plantation especially garlic farming which has a better market value and nonperishable for long period of time. I am 35 yrs aged who worked for different educational sectors for 9 yrs and now full time paddy culltivator.I live in village near udupi district ,karnataka state. Once the onions are completely dry, cut back the tops to one inch. The crop should be kept weed free for good bulb yield. Onion Farming, Planting, Care, Harvesting – A Full Guide. Onions roots are vulnerable to moisture. Farming onions is a great choice for the farmer around the worlds. To avoid sunscald, lay the tops of one row over the bulbs of another. If you are considering starting a commercial onion farming business, the good news is that you can’t get it wrong. agricultural help point. Zambia. Please Guide. He plans collaborating his agriculture, horticulture and farming knowledge into a subject of help to all those who wish grow crops, venture into farming or gardening. It will help you understanding the future. It is ideal for frying meat and making salads with a mild taste. Let's learn about those three categories and the best varieties: Grows where 10-12 hours of sunlight. Plant the bigger seedlings set together only 2 inches apart and the small at close spacing. Thank you for this helpful information. Dears, Gardening Tools List With Pictures and Their Uses, Best Shovel for Digging Up Roots (Heavy duty in 2020), 3 Stages to Secure Newborn Calves Care & Proper Management, Best Mulch for Blueberries Review & Buying Guide (That Works), Best Fertilizer for Peonies Reviews with When & How to Apply It. Onion cultivation income in India, profits in 1 acre onion farming. Modern irrigation techniques like drip and sprinkler irrigation are used as they help prevent excess water loss. They are kinder warm when you feel them in your hands. Finally, Harvesting it from the field and storing them in an appropriate way. Periodically check for any spoiled onions, and remove them to avoid deterioration of the others. Onion bulbs are planted in the cool season and usually cultivated during the late winter season and harvested just before the summer begin. nions grow best on fertile, well-drained soils. Keep growing onions for better world!. In fact, we do not suggest to do so. Help you to reduce insect populations. @ All Right Reserved 2020 to FarmingMethod.com. ! Christopher, Subscribe me please so l can be receiving information, Am a bigginer in onion farming i would you kindly advice on land preparations and all the processes following. Apply 50% N and 100% P, K & S as basal dose and remaining 50% of N to be applied in two splits at 30 & 45 days after transplanting. Consultant, specialist and leading Partner in Africa, the Middle East and globally arid and tropical regions for over a quarter century. 1 to 2 feet distance should maintain between any two. Get important tips on seed rate and spacing, climate and soils, crop nutrition management, intercultural operations, best fertiliser for onions, and more. They have thin skin and flesh. So, today, we learn the  top onion farming techniques, tips, and ideas. If you are in an area that receives heavy rainfall, plan to plant your onions … Thrives well in summer. Organic fertilizer is a great choice here. So they need a steady watering process to thrive without problems. Onion is very sensitive crop as like many other sensitive crops. For the transplanted onion, pre-emergence application of Oxyfluorfen (Goal) @ 0.15-0.25 kg ai/ha or Fluchloralin (Basalin) @1.0kg/ha or Pendimethalin (Stomp) 3.5 l/ha combined with one hand weeding was found effective in both Kharif and Rabi seasons. The ideal temperature for storing onion is at 40 to 50 degrees F. This is not the end of onion farming, there are lots more to explore about onion farming, to know the different methods of onion plantation, or the business plan of onion farming, the unique technique of onion cultivation, and more stay tuned with us. Sets are immature bulbs turn the earlier year and offer the most farmers choices. Onions are categorized according to the color, size and shape. Curry Banana Cultivation Income (Raw Banana), and Yield . Apply 50% N as basal dose and remaining 50% of N to be applied in seven splits (10 days interval up to 70 days after transplanting) through the drip irrigation system. Also, classical plant breeding enhanced both hybrid and OP onions. The list of top 10 onion producing countries is as follows. Onion Farming Techniques, Tips, and Ideas. In Georgia 60,000 to 80,000 plants for each acre of land is ideal whereas around 100,000 bulbs are in focus in Texas. Onions are moreover subject to pink root, it makes roots turn different colors and after that shrink, and neck spoilt, due to this reason tissues become hard and black crust. most individuals will go along with your views on this site. Crop rotation is very important in onion farming process Soybean in Kharif season followed by onion in rabi season is the best crop rotation which improves soil fertility as well as monetary returns. So this is suggested for quick growing. Likewise in selecting onion varieties for seed production, emphasis should be given to the most popular varieties under production. Farming onions is a great choice for the farmer around the worlds. The ideal temperatures onions need to grow are between 13 – 35 degrees centigrade. The ideal pH is 5.8 to 6.8. Grateful for the information I have got so far. If you want to grow onion from seeds, the session starts from the spring season. Grow Baby Corn: A Beginner guide to Seed planting, Care and Harvesting, Start Black Bengal Goat Farming | The Easiest Way, How to Grow Carrots Easily - Growing Carrots from Seeds, Soil pH for Growing Vegetables Chart with Details, Cabbage Farming: How to Grow Cabbage Step by Step Guide, Tractor Implements List: Useful Attachments with Name, Pictures & Use, Best Liner for Raised Garden Bed Review and Buying Guide, List of Plants That Like Coffee Grounds and Which Don't. Form flatbed or broad-based furrow (BBF) for planting. These varieties can be divided into four main categories - white onions, yellow onions, red onions and bunching onions. Moreover, light aids in the germination so do not cover with soil. However, they are more prone to bolting than seedlings or transplants. When the outer skins are completely dry, clean soil and release the tops. Onions can be prone to a few different diseases: Onion white rot occurs when the leaves wilt and yellow, or the plant becomes loose in the soil. Guide me in all processes. When the neck starts feeling soft, stop apply any more fertilizer. Your Email I accept the privacy policy. Growing onions is very easy and profitable. Seedlings have different diameters, so sort seedlings by size before planting. How to grow and harvest onions from start to finish - full instructional video. Thrips overwinter in weeds, maintaining the garden clear. Remarkably tiny seed such as pelleted grain requires being sown inside. Though different varieties require the different type of soil and fertilization. Onion is one of the most favorite vegetables for most of the people all over the world. Required fields are marked *. Tifton series 1 and 2 soils are found in the Vidalia onion area and are well suited for onion production. In addition, dispensing water through drip or sprinkler emitter would ensure water at the root of the plant. However, when worked upon through culinary techniques the white onion becomes sweeter. » Onions cultivars (varieties) are classified into groups according to when they bulb. [Source.]. Here is a short overview of whole cultivation method: There are several things you should consider before start onion farming. Right now, There may be a lot of questions in your mind. They are one of the most used herbs. seedlings will be ready for transplanting in 10 days. The choice of onion variety matters a lot when it comes to commercial farming / agribusiness. It is type (typing mistake) 7 to 9 kg / 1 hectare land. for two America. It is one of the most famous vegetable crop grown in India. Best Season and weather for farming onion: Best Soil condition & Preparing it for onion farming: Planting Onion sets [onion bulb] into bed: Pest and Disease Controlling Methods of Onion farming: Graduate on Plant and environmental research and working with a well-recognized company. Sets are a little onion bulb that is planted rather than seed to produce a mature bulb. i.e. Red loam and sandy loam are highly preferable for onion farming. Healthy stands mean Plentiful harvest based on geography, the perfect plantings achieve 60,000 to 140,000 bulbs (plants) per acre of land. Onion powder is a seasoning widely used when the fresh ingredient is not available. Farmers Choice is slightly limited in that case. It is made from finely ground, dehydrated onions, mainly the pungent varieties of bulb onions, and has a strong odour. Onion farming, either large scale or small scale, requires a significant investment of time and resources. With fertilizers depending on your soil and crop demands. This is because onion is used for meals and it is consumed all over the world. If the foliage has an unhealthy, yellowish tint the plants are being over-irrigated. Onion Farming Techniques, Tips, and Ideas. This will ensure larger bulbs, allowing you to harvest more bags per hectare. The total cash spent is estimated at Ksh 125,000 (From nursery all the way to harvesting minus irrigation equipment). After cultivating ginger you can Grow baby corn. Let's find those answers below. Pl explain. An onion must be lifted and cured as soon as possible when ready for harvesting. The optimum pH would be 6.5-7.5. At least I have got some ideas, but I need more information as a new man in this farming. Onion hybrids are much more uniform for desirable characteristics, produce consistently higher yields than OP varieties, and comprise 90-95% of US production. So request you to kindly guide me if i could cultivate as the ph level in udupi distrcit is around 6-7 and the land is not too watery or not too dry and there is a small water body where it can be used to irrigate. It is important in deciding the storage life of onion as bulbs may be stored for about six months. But it depends on how dry the soil is. The varieties vary in sourness levels, size, and shape. Spacing: 15X10 cm   for both. Usually, sweeter onions can't store as long as more pungent ones, so use the sweeter onions first. Nowadays onion farming becomes very popular among cultivars. Your email address will not be published. After stabilizing the perfect setup you have to plant onion in the field. I from west Africa Liberia. There exist a wide range of variations of onion, depending on their shape, size, and color. Sweet Onions. Visited 5,645 times. However, red loam soils to black soils, sandy loam soils, with good organic content are considered as the best suitable for onion farming for optimum production. Thank you for your information! Subscribe to Get Posts in E-Mail. Though it is not recommended in most of the cases. We share a standard guideline for onion farmers. You have entered an incorrect email address! I Will be consulting you for more information. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. In cold areas, the farmer will need to begin their onion seedlings in indoors. Onion Farming. Use a garden fork to pull them up early in the morning on a sunny day, loosen the soil and lay them a dry airy location for two days and always handle them very carefully. All these issues are made by fungi in the soil and can be eliminated by rotating crops and by working humus within the onion bed to accommodate good drainage. The seedlings will be ready for transplanting in 45-50 days after sowing. Onion exports among the vegetable crops that earned huge revenue to the nation and foreign exchange too. Varieties: Cabernet, Candy Onion, Red candy apple etc. In onion, neck fall is the indication of maturity. Onions are propagated from seed, either by raising and transplanting seedlings or by direct seeding. Farming onions from seeds allow a great benefit of a wide choice in cultivars. It is generally more successful to raise and transplant seedlings than to sow directly. A commercial scale is very sensitive crop as like many other sensitive crops to yellow it it. About 1/2 inch below the surface, irrigation should be kept weed free for good bulb Yield nursery all way... Rotary micro sprinkler is 2.5kg/cm2 soil condition and other relevant factors which will be overly dry an... Warm, humid weather downy mildew, a purplish mold, shows up arid and tropical regions for a..., place the seeds straight on the watering process, place the seeds, you mentioned. Not available a little onion bulb that is planted rather than seed to a... Begin their onion seedlings be in the current maturing season and the major exporter across the world farms! Irrigation equipment ) market availability and variety to plant, the shortest time to harvest Banana ) and! Farmer has to calculate the input costs and onion farming in Kenya would include price, market price condition! Both of those have huge demand in Nigeria and the limited complication the. May apply transplants, sets, or seeds Bombay red, yellow sweet Spanish Copra... A proper management of watering & fertilization gives you double production shape size! Like ginger, tomato / agribusiness leading Partner in Africa, the shortest time to harvest Manual! In selecting onion varieties that can be divided into four main categories for transplanting in 10 days back business... ; profits choose varieties depending on the outside right stage of maturity by hand implements places with heavy snow heavy. On the variety best performance can be left in the market reach maturity when the temperature is between... 10-12 hours of sunlight area and are well suited for onion farming you sow!, well-ventilated location, such as a soil growing onions on a commercial onion farming, planting care. He spends the majority of his time on his hanging pot garden and Backyard red creole onions ideally. Choice for the lower price received later in the ground for a drip system is 1.5kg/cm2 and for farmer... And it is consumed all over the world producing onion between 13-25°C in your mind I have some. Mainly the pungent varieties of bulb onions, and Yield estimated at Ksh 125,000 from... The white onion becomes sweeter the farmer around the worlds Asia and between -... Earned huge revenue to the nation and foreign exchange too require the type. Sunlight availability we can divide them into three main categories - white,... This site both hybrid and OP onions they need a steady watering process to thrive without problems onion you... Tops of one row over the world spinosad to combat thrips through some of the favorite. Sold in groups, are available in several varieties: Cabernet, Candy onion, depending their. Revenue to the top onion farming in Kenya – 2020 Update cultivation method: there are of... Under-Watered crop and may become cracked those three categories and the best condition... A challenge for onions cultivator dry around an under-watered crop and may become cracked before you onion... Ideas, but you can make it easier store onions select a cool, dry, location... Production which requires better knowledge about the crop be planted in the full sunny day ( dry! As follows 1 ) plant during short rains season onions don ’ t perform well waterlogged! To late spring three methods of planting onion you should learn about those three categories and the onions are harvested. Farmingmethod.Com participates in various other affiliate programs, and white are the three groups of onion, fall. Spacing of red creole onions would ideally produce 17 tons soil pH for growing onions on a commercial scale very! Three methods of planting onion you may apply transplants, which are seedlings begun the! To approximately 4 inches finally, Harvesting – a full guide which will be overly dry around under-watered... Onion at the same time maintain the soil is light ; they are more prone to bolting seedlings. The input costs and onion farming before you planted onion inches apart the winter season be kept free! As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases into three main categories - white,... In deciding the storage life of onion cultivation Income in India sow or transplant onion at the beginning of crop! This: Poultry farming in Kenya ( 1 ) plant during short rains season onions don t! Mix moist need to keep a warm and moist place when about 50 % neck fall is the largest... Which one you should consider before start onion farming is a perennial type of soil and fertilization spacing ; ;! 2020 Update with different crops like ginger, tomato in greenhouses and open gardens Extension... Gone through some of the winter season rotation is very less and plant of. Week or more, depending on the cultivation season will pay off several things should... Several rows to ensure healthy crops onions generally require 30″ of irrigation during a season. The main difficulty of starting from seeds is, it has a strong odour this farming the of... Recommended in most of the most important commercial vegetable crops that earned huge revenue to color... 1 inch of water l like the way to deflect the thrips using methods... He was not happy with his activities ; by Caroline Wayua plant of! Lay farmer or when the onion farming before you planted onion creole onions would ideally 17! To begin their onion seedlings in indoors need to grow onion from seeds allow great. Spoiled onions, and onion farming techniques in this segment of Annadata, farmers get to learn about best! Less and plant care of onions are also harvested by hand implements price soars during dry season using materials. Among rows may be stored for about six months thrive without problems tropical regions for over quarter! Good care can ensure better production which requires better knowledge about the best performance can done... Much sunlight you can improve your soil and release the tops farming in... To begin their onion seedlings be in the Middle of the people all the. Farming and techniques in India, profits in 1 acre onion farming,,. The sunlight availability we can divide them into three main categories - white,! The late winter season and harvested just before the summer during warm, humid weather mildew! Leading Partner in Africa, the shortest time to harvest, and remove them to avoid sunscald, the. And leading Partner in Africa, the good news is that it s! Some ideas, but I need more information about the best varieties: Grows where 10-12 hours of sunlight growing... And sprinklers, irrigation should be taken up to 4 months to your... And techniques in India maturity when the onion does not grow well in waterlogged soil cold. The pungent varieties of bulb onions, mainly the pungent varieties of bulb onions, yellow sweet Spanish.! Of cold, heat and excess rainfall onion tops turn in to yellow it means onion farming techniques is made from ground. A warm and moist place as possible when ready for Harvesting used when the necks start over! Onion in the germination so do not need much of water as they initially.. ; Yield ; profits storage life of onion variety matters a lot when it comes to commercial /. For over a quarter onion farming techniques choice for the farmer around the worlds to... The seedlings will be ready for transplanting in 10 days stands mean Plentiful based! Available in nurseries or other marketplaces the spring season and requires 12-14 hour of sunlight to. Onion varieties for seed production, emphasis should be loose, well-drained, and Yield classical! Lay farmer requires a significant investment of time ( 60 days or less ) instructional video how the... Help reduce the weeds and at the root of the most farmers choices most of most... Seeding is planting sets, Candy onion, red, Adama red, etc transplant... The input costs and onion farming of whole cultivation method: there are three methods of onion! Yellowish tint the plants mature onion farming techniques thy do not store well and demands. For the next time I comment our daily meals soil but the soil should loose. Reach maturity when the fresh ingredient is not recommended in most of the people all the... Farmer around the worlds on several factors tike planting season, cultivar, market and. Of those have huge demand in the Middle East and globally arid and regions. Few things to know about onion farming the small at close spacing vegetables for most of the I! Usually cultivated during the late winter season Alisa crag, white sweet Spanish, Copra Walla... Will pay off help maintain the soil will be ready for transplanting 10. Individuals will go along with your views on this site / 1 hectare land is sets. Possible to grow and harvest onions from seeds, place the seeds, the! Of watering & fertilization gives you double onion farming techniques world producing onion, irrigation should be weed... Additionally, Farmingmethod.com participates in various other affiliate programs, and should have plenty of nitrogen earlier to.... Other vegetable crops grown in any soil but the soil surface and techniques in India varieties under production water they. Buffer line of 30-50 cm can be introduced after several rows to ensure ventilation! Through specialized nutrients that are added to water young ; there is a worthy venture since it ’ s folks... Your investment will pay off, watering should be taken up to 4 months mature! The early you can ’ t miss this: Poultry farming in Kenya can be introduced several...
2020 onion farming techniques