Infectious Diseases • Prions are abnormal, transmissible agents that are able to induce abnormal folding of normal cellular prion proteins in the brain, leading to brain damage and the characteristics signs and symptoms of the disease. As of this date, Scribd will manage your SlideShare account and any content you may have on SlideShare, and Scribd's General Terms of Use and Privacy Policy will apply. Learn more. Communicable diseases can occur from time to time, have regular presence in a population or a geographic area, be present in lots of people at once, or be spread globally. Choose epidemiological methods to investigate and manage outbreaks. Department of Pathology Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. for undergraduates. Shareable Link. They can be as dangerous as cancer, diabetes, tuberculosis, pneumonia and mental retardation, whereas, on the other hand, they can be as simple as mild fever and stomach ache. Based on these criteria, all communicable diseases can be classified into 11 groups as follows: Chapter. 4 They are also known as chronic diseases as they remain for longer period of time. They include things such as fever, coughing, rash, vomiting, and diarrhea. Global Molecular Diagnostics Market Report: 2014 Edition – New Report by Konc... 5 Reasons Why Singapore Is the Leading Business Hub for Company Formation, The physics of polymers concepts for understanding their structures and behavior. Transmission There are many ways in which the elements that cause communicable diseases are passed on from individual to individual and some include coming into contact with contaminated food, water, bodily … Severe and often fatal form of anthrax. These infectious diseases can be transmitted by animals, humans, insects or other agents. Symptoms, on the other hand, can be felt only by the patient. complex etiology, multiple risk factors, long latency period, non-contagious origin, prolonged course of illness, functional impairment or disability, incurability. An example of a typical microbiologic classification of infectious diseases is shown in Table 2-2. Lifestyle diseases are ailments that are primarily based on the day to day habits of people. These diseases affect people of all ages but more so children due to their exposure t… DIARRHOEAL DISEASES DESCRIPTION Infectious agent Bacteria: such as Salmonellae (commonly S. enteritidis, S. typhimurium) and Escherichia coli. Diabetes limits the body’s ability to process glucose normally. Most do not cause disease and actually help your body function normally. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Hemolytic disorders due to inherited abnormalities in red cell cytoskeleton. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. AQA Combined Science Trilogy unit ‘Infection and Response’ Full lesson ready to use straight ‘out of the box’ Similar structure to my other power points following the input - activity - review phasing Plenary section for progress checking Clear learning objectives and outcomes Modern and engaging layout Little adaptation needed. If you wish to opt out, please close your SlideShare account. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Humans are the only rewervoir for the virs. Emerging Diseases Emerging Infectious Disease Categories (NIAID) 1 of 3 Emerging Infectious Disease Categories (NIAID) 2 of 3 Emerging Infectious Disease Categories (NIAID) 3 of 3 Clinical Characteristics of SARS High fever Headache Diarrhea (10-20%) Pneumonia Case fatality 774/8098 (10%) Treatment – supportive care Sudden Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) Emerged in 2003 – … Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. 2. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. simplified concepts and postulates. Communicable Disease Profile for Afghanistan and Neighbouring Countries WHO Communicable Disease WG on Emergencies/October 2001 3 Food or Water-borne Diseases 1. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. 4. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Communicable Diseases – Introduction HISTORY OF PRESENT ILLNESS AND REVIEW OF SYSTEMS When a communicable disease is suspected, a thorough history is essential. Results in death in 25% to 60% of cases. Communicable diseases may be classified according to the causative agent, the clinical illness caused, or the means of transmission. Communicable diseases constitute a considerable proportion of the global burden of morbidity and mortality, accounting in 2002 for 23.5% of the global burden of disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) and 19.1% of global deaths. The term "smallpox" was first used in Europe in the 15th century to distinguish variola from the great pox (syphilis). As their name suggests, common colds are extremely common. 1. cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes, chronic lung disease, chronic neurologic disorders, arthritis, musculoskeletal disorders. Infectious Disease 40-1 What is Disease? Please give constructive feedback :D If you wish to opt out, please close your SlideShare account. Submitted to: Dr. Asma Latif Infectious diseases are the diseases caused by various pathogenic microorganisms such as virus, bacteria, protozoan, fungi, and other parasites. The disease is also known by the Latin names Variola or Variola vera, which is a derivative of the Latin varius, meaning spotted, or varus, meaning "pimple". • Infectious disease – disease caused by an infectious agent such as a bacterium, virus, protozoan, or fungus that can be passed on to others. Abstracts of the workshop, Interrogating Change: Central Asia between Timeles... Tài liệu vận hành phần mềm nhân sự ONLINE (chương 8), No public clipboards found for this slide, Geetanjali university (Geetajali Institute Of Pharmacy). Explain the principles of surveillance, the characteristics of different surveillance systems, their strengths and weaknesses and application to disease control. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. 70% (40 million) of global deaths in 2015 were due to non-communicable diseases. The multi-factorial nature of the risk factors for NCDs. Epidemic of 1918 killed 20-100 million people worldwide. Diabetes. Noncommunicable Disease (NCD): Definition • Chronic conditions that do not result from an (acute) infectious process and hence are “not communicable.” • A disease that has a prolonged course, that does not resolve spontaneously, and for which a complete cure is rarely achieved. Learn more. Image of rhinovirus, Reducing the Spread of Infectious Diseases, 1. Compared to communicable disease, non-communicable diseases are difficult to identifying the specific cause-effect relationship. Ask a Study Question. It is characterized by the highest clinical manifestations of the ailment. Title: The Epidemiology of Non-Communicable Diseases Author: Thomas J. Songer Description: Epidemiology 2170, lecture 2 Last modified by: Sa Created Date – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 69d945-ZjhkZ Certain ones do CAUSE infectious Diseases that can spread directly or indirectly. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. • Infection – occurs when an infectious agent enters the body and begins to reproduce; may or may not lead to disease. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Semester:8th Because microorganisms can affect every system, a thorough review of every body system is indicated. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. View and Download PowerPoint Presentations on Communicable And Noncommunicable Disease PPT. Find PowerPoint Presentations and Slides using the power of XPowerPoint.com, find free presentations research about Communicable And Noncommunicable Disease PPT We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Signs of an infectious disease are characteristics of a disease that can be observed by examining a patient. Class: BS-IV Guvera Vasireddy The only infectious disease to be considered eradicated. The multiplicity of the risk factors associated with specific disease … Once the means of transmission is known, it leads to the best method of control, so it is preferable to use this as the method of classification. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. As of this date, Scribd will manage your SlideShare account and any content you may have on SlideShare, and Scribd's General Terms of Use and Privacy Policy will apply. The number of annual deaths has increased from roughly 48 million in 1990 to almost 56 million in 2015. Infectious diseases are illnesses caused by microorganisms . • Pathogen – an infectious agent that causes disease. Exposure of the digestive system to anthrax usually by consuming meat products that contain anthrax. Infections and infectious diseases: A manual for nurses and midwives in the WHO European region has been written with the aim of developing the knowledge, skills and attitudes of nurses and midwives regarding infections and infectious diseases and their prevention and control. Infectious Diseases Non-Communicable Diseases as the name suggests are not transmitted from person to person but is a result of combination of genetic, physiological, environmental and behavioral factors. Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Some of the more common symptoms are detailed below. Upload Now. Common Cold. 1. degenerative non-communicable diseases . Noncommunicable diseases, or NCDs, are by far the leading cause of death in the world, representing 63% of all annual deaths. Disease Any change in the body, other than injury, that disrupts the normal functions of the body Disease has many causes ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 72ec98-YzJlN ... For each approved PPT you will get 25 Credit Points and 25 Activity Score which will increase your profile visibility. 52 Infectious diseases If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Human prion diseases are a group of transmissible, progressive, and invariably fatal neurodegenerative disorders, which include Kuru, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker syndrome, and fatal familial insomnia. Scribd will begin operating the SlideShare business on December 1, 2020 Learn more. They are among the major causes of illnesses in Kenya and the entire Africa. Human prion diseases affect approximately 1–2 persons per million worldwide annually, occurring in sporadic, inherited, and acquired forms. Definition A communicable disease is one that is spread from one person to another or from an animal to a person through a variety of ways. Demographic pattern of incidence of breast carcinoma by subtype - A comparati... No public clipboards found for this slide. Symptoms:Intense stomach pain, bowel obstruction, dehydration, diarrhea, fever; blood poisoning, death (rare in humans). Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are illnesses usually of chronic nature, with slow progression, lengthy course and generally non-transmittable from one person to another [].They are the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide currently, with projections of even more burden by 2030 [].According to World Health Organization (WHO) recent estimates, NCDs kill approximately 38 … Transmission may also occur indirectly by touching a surface covered with germs. McKenna, et al, 1998 . Communicable Diseases : Causes Prevention & Types with Examples of Communicable diseases - YouTube. Habits that detract people from activity and push them towards a sedentary routine can cause a number of health issues that can lead to chronic non-communicable diseases … Name at least four characteristics of NCDs. Communicable diseases are diseases that are as a result of the causative organism spreading from one person to another or from animals to people. Water washed diseases 7 Microorganisms are small things found everywhere. The common cold, strep throat, gastroenteritis and herpes infections are among the most common communicable diseases. These are known as contagious or communicable diseases Roll no:329 Type 1 diabetes which is … Department of Zoology. • Prion diseases are usually rapidly progressive and always fatal. A communicable disease is one that is spread from one person to another through a variety of ways that include: contact with blood and bodily fluids; breathing in an airborne virus; or by being bitten by an insect. 1 Globalization not only poses threats to communicable disease control but also provides opportunities. Transmission is the key to the epidemiology of communicable diseases. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Scribd will begin operating the SlideShare business on December 1, 2020 Smallpox is an infectious disease unique to humans, caused by either of two virus variants, Variola major and Variola minor. Epidemiologists focus on the epidemiologic characteristics of a disease and classify diseases ac-cording to either the means of transmission or the reservoir of the organism. The four main types of noncommunicable diseases are cardiovascular diseases (like heart attacks and stroke), cancer, chronic respiratory diseases (such as chronic obstructed pulmonary disease and asthma) and diabetes. Osmania Medical College. Infectious agents are present all around us, and they come in different shapes and sizes. Discuss the major methods for transmission of communicable disease. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. 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