Identification: This is a fast-growing, deciduous, hardwood tree. Basswood or American Linden Tilia americana Height: 35’ - 50’ ... such as Dutch elm disease, chestnut blight and emerald ash borer has taught us the importance of species diversity in our landscapes. While infrequent, Verticillium wilt can be fatal. In North Carolina, flowers are available from July to August. Have you ever picked up a leaf that was dotted with bumps or had long protrusions dangling from it? It is easy to transplant is tolerant of clay soil and some drought once established. As long as the tree is kept healthy, few insects or diseases are likely to cause lasting damage; Basswood trees are not fussy or high-maintenance and tend to live about 150 years; Hardiness: zones 3 through 8; Soil and Sun. Insect visitors include borers, beetles, lacebugs, caterpillars and scale. Leaf size and density is normal for the species. Diseases. The average height of the American linden ranges from 60 to 125 feet, with the tree attaining a rounded form with a canopy of spreading branches. In form, Basswood is like an oversized European linden (Tilia cordata), featuring similar outline, leaf shape and blooms. High populations cause entire basswood trees to become reddish-brown. The tree is stately as a single specimen or when it is allowed to form a clump. Linden flowers freehand vector illustration. The leaves are alternate,5–6 inch-es long with uneven bases. It is easy to transplant is tolerant of clay soil and some drought once established. The lower branches remain on the tree and gently drape toward the ground before sweeping up in a gentle curve. Unfortunately, this attractive tree is susceptible to multiple diseases. N.C. Multiple fungi can cause leaf spots or leaf blotches on the large leaves of the American linden, including... Cankers. They can also suffer infestations of aphids, sap-sucking insects and gall mites, including the nail gall. These birds use the basswood tree as shelter. It is pale yellow-green in the fall. It is one of the most common diseases that linden trees fall prey to. Powdery mildew, leaf spots, and cankers may occur. The bark is smooth and gray/green in young trees. American basswood is native to the Chicago area and is often used as a specimen or dense shade tree. Other Common Names: American Lime, Linden and American Whitewood . 1. Spider mites can do significant damage, particularly in hot, dry periods. Herbal medicine. Longitudinally furrowed with flat-top ridges and rough texture. Old trees often contain hollows used for cover by wildlife. The tree is pyramidal when young but develops into a striking specimen with an upright, oval canopy atop a tall, straight trunk. American basswood is a medium-sized tree with small, horizontal, often drooping branches forming a broad, rounded head. Seeds eaten by birds and squirrels. American basswood Tilia americana. Fall Color Basswood Leaves. American linden is a useful shade tree and a good honey plant in the Malvaceae family. Tilia, basswood, honey plant black and white sketch. The soft, light wood has many uses in wood products. From the first two or three months of planting basswood requires water twice in a week. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. It secretes honeydew and can cause mold fungus. Wildlife:  This plant is moderately resistant to damage from deer. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours), 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4b, 4a, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a. The fungus that causes verticillium wilt forms in the soil and affects the tree through wounds in the root. This tree does not survive well in city conditions. The common name of basswood is derived from bastwood, in reference to the tough inner bark (bast) which has been used to make rope and mats. It grows to a height of 50–70 feet and a diameter of 2–3 feet. The leaves will show appreciable browning after a particularly dry season, but the tree appears fine the following year. In New England, American basswood is a highly preferred host for gypsy moth, while in southern Quebec, it was classified as susceptibe to gypsy moth defoliation. American Basswood (a.k.a. Fire Risk: This plant has a low flammability rating. Diseases Anthracnose, leaf blight, canker, leaf spots, powdery mildew, and verticillium wilt are some diseases than can infect American linden. Cankers are sunken areas of dead tissue that may appear on an American linden's trunk or branches; they are... Wood Decay. American basswood is an important timber tree, especially in the Great Lakes States. American linden, or also known as American basswood is a medium to large tree, typically 60-100 feet tall at maturity with a rounded crown. This plant provides nectar for pollinators and is a larval host plant for Eastern Tiger Swallowtail (Papilio glaucus). When injured the tree produces a sweet mucilaginous sap. American linden is susceptible to certain diseases that affect the leaves, with black mold and leaf spot two of these ailments, but usually the tree withstands any symptoms that result. Bloom: Late spring (June)  Fruit (Nut): Early summer  Buds/twigs:  Winter, tinged red. In New England, American basswood is a highly preferred host for gypsy moth (21), while in southern Quebec, it was classified as intermediate in susceptibility to gypsy moth defoliation (27). long (15 cm), turning, at best, yellow-green in the fall. N.C. Although the leaf damage is just now becoming noticeable, travelers on the northern portion of I-75 in Ohio will soon be treated to "flaming" basswoods gracing the woodlots along … It is commonly planted as a shade tree in urban areas of the eastern states. Two varieties, Fastigiata and Redmond basswood trees, do not seem to cause much root damage, so they make excellent street trees. The American basswood tree excels in beauty almost all others, and it is well known that it furnishes a large amount of excellent nectar. Tilia Tilia. A distinctly pyramidal shape when young, a straight and sturdy trunk and glossy green leaves set it apart from other large shade trees. American Basswood (Tilia americana) is known for the alluring scent and abundant nectar of its flowers, as well as its lightweight, odorless wood which lends itself to the production of food crates and boxes, musical instrument parts, yard sticks and cabinets. American Basswood (Tilia americana) The Basswood tree, also known as the American Linden, can reach 80 to 100 feet in height, but is most often seen at 40 to 50 feet in height with a spread of 35 to 40 feet. The … American linden is a useful shade tree and a good honey plant in the Malvaceae family. The reference to muscle relates to the tree's characteristic fluted trunk and branches that look like muscle tissue. On young trees… The tree is also well known as a honey-tree, and the seeds and twigs are eaten by wildlife. The canopy is well distributed and the foliage has good color. By avoiding over fertilizing and over-watering, aphids can be discouraged. It is pale yellow-green in the fall. Mite galls commonly form on the foliage. The American hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana) is a deciduous hardwood shade tree that's native to eastern North America.It is part of the Betulaceae (birch) family and has several nicknames, including blue beech, muscle beech, water beech, muscletree, musclewood, and ironwood. Watering. MINNEAPOLIS — A 200-year-old American elm tree stood condemned, finally succumbing, it seemed, to the disease that has killed off hundreds of thousands of … Native to Verticillium wilt: This disease is a fungal disease that is very common among basswood trees. It is a long-lived tree… It rises on a single or often two or more stems, usually from suckers. It does not tolerate air pollution or urban conditions. Leaf rust can cause some defoliation. The flowers are small, creamy-white and aromatic. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Bees and other pollinating insects enjoy the nectar from the flowers. Tilia americana, commonly called American basswood or American linden, is a medium to large deciduous tree which typically grows to 50-80’ (infrequently to over 100’) tall with an ovate-rounded crown. In hot, dry conditions spider mites may pose a significant problem. Compare this plant to: T. cordata, T. tomentosa, and T. x europaea) may make better selections for urban areas. It is a host plant for the Eastern Tiger Swallowtail butterfly. American Basswood Fruits. Powdery mildew, leaf spots, and cankers may occur. It bears unique flowers and large, heart-shaped leaves. A bacterial or fungal disease affects the leaves and flowers of basswood tree. Its rank, thrifty growth, large, glossy- green leaves, delightfully perfumed flowers, adaptability to almost any soil and climate, and the ease with which it can be cultivated, make it one of the most desirable for lawn or lane. Lumber, pulpwood, veneer, shade tree in urban areas; soft wood for carving. Compare this plant to: T. cordata , T. tomentosa, and T. x europaea) may make better selections for urban areas. Of the several species of linden trees grown in the United States, the American linden, or basswood (Tilia americana), is the only U.S. native. Another common name for Basswood is American Linden, as the tree is in the Tilia genus. Because it is a nice shade tree that can reach heights of 80 feet or more, basswood should only be planted in large spaces. Powdery mildew, leaf spots, and cankers are other diseases that rarely occur. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Diseases that Can Affect American Basswood. Linden trees require little maintenance and are pollution tolerant, but some trees do develop diseases. For instance, the volume in large trees (over 13 inches in diameter) has more than doubled in this time (chart on left below). Some of the linden tree diseases can impact a tree’s appearance or vigor. Another common name for Basswood is American Linden, as the tree is in the Tilia genus. Some of the linden tree diseases can impact a tree’s appearance or vigor. With space for text. Dormant buds tinged red provide winter interest, Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). Its flowers are so attractive to honeybees you may hear the tree buzzing from several feet away. 134 AMERICAN BASSWOOD A B Tilia americana L. A merican basswood or linden occurs as scattered specimens throughout the state. Basswood flowers in early summer, and the sweet-scented blooms are frequented by honeybees, which make a delicious honey from the tree. Exotic invasive pests can devastate existing trees because many of these species may not have evolved resistance mechanisms in their native environments. Wildlife Value:  An amazing wildlife tree and a larval plant for red-spotted purple and mourning cloak butterflies. caroliniana: Mesic forests, in the outer Coastal Plain usually associated with shell deposits, Indian shell middens, or underlying coquina limestone, var. The tree is pyramidal when young but develops into a striking specimen with an upright, oval canopy atop a tall, straight trunk. americana: Rich coves, rocky slopes, metabasalt boulderfields, rich north-facing river bluffs, calcareous Coastal Plain ravines, var. heterophyla: Rich coves and mesic to dry slopes (the drier sites usually on limestone), often one of the most abundant trees in Southern Appalachian cove forests. Did you know? When a tree is in full bloom, bees often visit in such abundant numbers that humming can be heard many feet from the tree. The tree frequently has two or more trunks and vigorously sprouts from stumps as well as seed. Butterflies and other insects nectar at the flowers. var. When dry, the wood has no characteristic odor or taste. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Chances are these are leaf galls. The aphids will secrete a honeydew which will result in a dark soot over objects below the tree, such as parked cars or lawn furniture. The native range extends from Canada's Manitoba and New Brunswick southward to the Ozarks and southern Appalachians in the United States. American basswood (usually called American linden in the horticultural business) is a stately and well formed deciduous tree with large heart-shaped leaves, a clean, straight trunk, and a broad, rounded crown. The best way to help keep your linden tree healthy and happy is to be aware of the signs and symptoms of these infections so that you can react quickly and effectively should your linden tree develop symptoms. The leaves have a heart shape, are as long as 5 1/2 inches, as wide as 3 inches and have serrated edges. Linden trees that are bothered by scale insects, which ooze a … A North American native tree, American linden prefers moist, fertile soils, acid or slightly alkaline, in full sun or partial shade. A single american basswood tree diseases often two or three months of planting basswood requires water twice in a gentle.! 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